2.08 John DARWIN

2.08 John DARWIN

Male 1755 - 1837  (82 years)

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  • Name John DARWIN 
    Title 2.08 
    Born 19 Mar 1755  Darwin Home (Hollowing Creek), Louisa County, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Gender Male 
    Taxation 1775  Louisa County, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    John Darwin (age 20) listed as "Overseer" on farm of Charles Dickerson (County Tithe List)  
    Military Service 13 Sep 1776  New York City, NY Find all individuals with events at this location  [4
    Pvt. John Darwin (age 21) arrives at New York with 3rd VA Regiment 
    Military Service 16 Sep 1776  Harlem Heights, NY Find all individuals with events at this location  [5, 6, 7
    Pvt. John Darwin (age 21) wounded at Battle of Harlem Heights 
    Military Service 26 Sep 1776  Fort Lee, NJ Find all individuals with events at this location  [8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13
    Pvt. John Darwin (age 21), wounded, exacuated to Fort Lee, New Jersey (exact date not known) 
    Military Service Nov 1776  Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA Find all individuals with events at this location  [14
    Pvt. John Darwin (age 21) ill recovering from wound and smallpox  
    Military Service Jun 1777  Middlebrook Encampment, Somerset County, NJ Find all individuals with events at this location  [15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20
    Pvt. John Darwin (age 22) on active duty with 3rd VA Regiment (Powell's Company) 
    Military Service 11 Sep 1777  Brandywine Creek, Chester County, PA Find all individuals with events at this location  [21, 22, 23
    Pvt. John Darwin (age 22) present at Battle of Brandywine 
    Military Service 04 Oct 1777  Germantown, Philadelphia County, PA Find all individuals with events at this location  [24, 25, 26, 27
    Pvt. John Darwin (age 22) present at Battle of Germantown 
    Military Service Dec 1777  Valley Forge, PA Find all individuals with events at this location  [28, 29, 30, 31
    Pvt. John Darwin (age 22) on Muster Roll of 3rd VA Regt, Powell's Co.  
    Military Service 17 Jul 1781  Quinby Bridge, Berkeley County, South Carolina, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [32
    John Darwin (age 26) present at Battle of Quinby Bridge (Shubrick's Plantation) 
    Land Purchase 15 Oct 1782  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [33
    John Darwin (age 27) mortgages 300 acres from Humphrey Barnett 
    Land Purchase May 1785  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [34
    John Darwin (age 30) purchases 100 acres from Allen Dowdle 
    Will 24 Oct 1785  Louisa County, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [35
    John Darwin (age 30) named a beneficiary in his father's Will. 
    Land Purchase 1786  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [36
    John Darwin (age 31) secures title to 300 acres mortgaged in 1782 from Humphrey Barnett 
    Court & Legal 1787  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [37
    John Darwin (age 32) plaintiff in lawsuit for return of a horse from John Rice 
    Census 1790  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [38
    "John Dervin" (age 35) 
    Court & Legal 1790  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [39
    John Darwin (age 35) witness to land purchase by Adam Meek from Thomas Wilcoxon  
    Court & Legal 05 Jul 1791  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [40
    John Darwin (age 36) serves as Grand Juror 
    Slave Transaction 19 Jul 1792  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [41
    John Darwin (age 37) purchases "Rachel" from Dorothea Moore 
    Court & Legal May 1793  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [42
    John Darwin (age 38) appointed overseer of road 
    Court & Legal 05 Jul 1793  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [43
    John Darwin (age 38) serves as Grand Juror 
    Court & Legal 06 Feb 1794  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [44
    John Darwin (age 38) serves as Grand Juror 
    Slave Transaction 19 Jan 1795  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [45
    John Darwin (age 39) purchases "Daniel" from Charles Smith 
    Slave Transaction 08 Apr 1799  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [46
    John Darwin (age 44) purchases "Luce" from William Dula 
    Slave Transaction 31 Oct 1799  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [47
    John Darwin (age 44) witness to purchase of "Dick" by John Hamilton from Thomas Herring 
    Census 1800  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [48
    "John Derwin" (age 45) 
    Land Purchase 1801  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [49
    John Darwin (age 46) purchases 120 acres from William Thomasson; witnesses are James Darwin and "William Darwin". 
    Court & Legal 13 Sep 1802  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [50
    John Darwin (age 47) witness to land purchase by nephew George Cowan Darwin from George's father James 
    Court & Legal 15 Feb 1806  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [51
    John Darwin (age 51) witness to land sale by his nephew George Cowan Darwin to Daniel Smith 
    Land Purchase 07 Sep 1807  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [52
    John Darwin (age 52) purchases land (unknown acerage) from Hugh Bankhead 
    Court & Legal 31 Mar 1809  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [53
    John Darwin (age 54) named as Guardian of minor Ruth Taliaferro 
    Census 1810  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [54
    "John Darvin" (age 55) 
    Census 1820  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [55
    "John Darwin" (age 65) 
    Land Sale 1822  Union County, South Carolina, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [56
    John Darwin (age 67) sells land (unknown acreage) to son, John B. Darwin 
    Land Purchase 1824  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [57
    John Darwin (age 69) purchases 100 acres from his son, John B. Darwin 
    Census 1830  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [58
    'John Darwin' (age 75), widower; text pending  
    Military Service 22 Oct 1834  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65
    John Darwin (age 79) applies for Revolutionary War Pension 
    Personal Event 1835  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [66
    John Darwin (age 80) donates land for a local Presbyterian Church  
    Will 1836  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [67
    John Darwin (age 81) witness to Will of Samuel Miller 
    Slave Transaction 22 Nov 1836  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [68
    "Daniel" and "Milly" bequeathed in Will of John Darwin to legatees of their choice 
    Slave Transaction 22 Nov 1836  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [69
    "Rose" bequeathed in Will of John Darwin to his grandchildren by deceased daughter Rachel 
    Will 22 Nov 1836  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [70
    John Darwin (age 81) writes Will. 
    Died 13 Jul 1837  John Darwin Home (Stooping Pines), York County, South Carolina, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [71
    • age 82
    Will 06 Nov 1837  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Probate of John Darwin's Will 
    Buried Darwin Family Burial Ground, York County, South Carolina, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • Commentary: DWD 2.08

      Unlike his brothers James and Jesse, it is fortunate in the case of John Darwin that there is not only a bible record and final will that comprehensively lists all the family members but also a document written in John's own words, when he made an application in Oct. 1834 for a pension as a soldier of the Revolutionary War (1776-83), that gives a graphic picture of his war time action and return to a peace time life when he exchanged the home of his youth in Louisa Co., VA, for the open lands of the Carolinas.

      John Darwin was granted a pension for his services during the Revolutionary War on October 22, 1835 at the rate of $112.50 per annum. He continued receiving the pension until his death in July 1837. John made his will in November 1836 and it was returned for probate 6 Nov. 1837.

      All of John Darwin's children were born in York Co., SC. The earliest deed book in York Co. starts in 1785 but a few deeds of earlier dates are included because some of the land had earlier been granted by the governor of N. Carolina. One, for instance, was a deed for 300 acres from Humphrey Barnett to John Darwin which had originally been granted to Zachariah Bullock on April 28, 1768 by Gov. William Tryon of N. Carolina. Bullock had transferred it to George Cowen, who transferred it to Robert Loughridge, who then transferred it to Humphrey Barnett. John Darwin bought it on 15 Oct. 1782. During that time York Co. had become part of South Carolina.
    • References:

      Frances Corcoran
      Dero A. Darwin, Jr.
      Sewella D. Russell
      OD
    • Working Notes: John Darwin's Military Service

      A complete list of primary sources concerning John and James Darwin's service in the American Revolution found to date:

      Links to Darwin Service Records (American Revolution)

      For the phantom "Rev. John Darwin (1728-1800", see 1949 Hart - Rogers Correspondence and 1936 WPA - Belcher Church and Grave [72, 73]
    Person ID I0136  DARUSA | Descendants of William Darwin
    Last Modified 9 May 2010 

    Father William DARWIN,   b. 26 Jun 1707,   d. Mar 1786, Darwin Home (Hollowing Creek), Louisa County, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 78 years) 
    Mother Jane,   b. 23 Jun 1715,   d. Abt 1791, Darwin Home (Hollowing Creek), Louisa County, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 75 years) 
    Married 26 Sep 1734  [74
    • place unknown
    Family ID F0181  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Jane BLAND,   b. 02 Jan 1762, Edgefield County, South Carolina, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 Mar 1827, York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 65 years) 
    Married 11 Mar 1783  [75
    Notes 
    • Place unknown for certain, but probably York SC (where John was fighting as a partisan). A number of secondary sources cite Maryland as marriage venue, but primary source for this assertion is unknown.
    Children 
    +1. Nancy DARWIN,   b. 04 Feb 1784, York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 Mar 1847, Chambers County, AL Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 63 years)
    +2. Mary DARWIN,   b. 16 May 1785, York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1856, Union County, South Carolina, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 70 years)
    +3. William DARWIN,   b. 08 Nov 1786, York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 24 May 1862, Franklin County, TN Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 75 years)
    +4. Rebecca DARWIN,   b. 07 Sep 1788, York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 14 Dec 1828, York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 40 years)
    +5. Rachel DARWIN,   b. 10 Apr 1790, York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 07 Nov 1831, York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 41 years)
    +6. John Bland DARWIN,   b. 12 Dec 1791, York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 05 Feb 1854, York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 62 years)
    +7. Jane DARWIN,   b. 25 Jan 1794, York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 05 Jun 1856, York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 62 years)
     8. Robert G. DARWIN,   b. 04 Jul 1795, York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 08 Dec 1868, York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 73 years)
    +9. Matilda DARWIN,   b. 08 Jul 1797, York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 23 May 1848, York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 50 years)
     10. Sarah DARWIN,   b. 19 Jan 1801, York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 Nov 1802, York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 1 years)
    +11. Pamela DARWIN,   b. 14 Aug 1803, York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 12 Jan 1880, York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 76 years)
    +12. Peyton Bland DARWIN,   b. 18 Apr 1805, York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 Dec 1883, York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 78 years)
    Last Modified 30 Nov 2009 
    Family ID F0101  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 19 Mar 1755 - Darwin Home (Hollowing Creek), Louisa County, Virginia, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsTaxation - John Darwin (age 20) listed as "Overseer" on farm of Charles Dickerson (County Tithe List) - 1775 - Louisa County, Virginia, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMilitary Service - Pvt. John Darwin (age 21) arrives at New York with 3rd VA Regiment - 13 Sep 1776 - New York City, NY Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMilitary Service - Pvt. John Darwin (age 21) wounded at Battle of Harlem Heights - 16 Sep 1776 - Harlem Heights, NY Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMilitary Service - Pvt. John Darwin (age 21), wounded, exacuated to Fort Lee, New Jersey (exact date not known) - 26 Sep 1776 - Fort Lee, NJ Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMilitary Service - Pvt. John Darwin (age 21) ill recovering from wound and smallpox - Nov 1776 - Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMilitary Service - Pvt. John Darwin (age 22) on active duty with 3rd VA Regiment (Powell's Company) - Jun 1777 - Middlebrook Encampment, Somerset County, NJ Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMilitary Service - Pvt. John Darwin (age 22) present at Battle of Brandywine - 11 Sep 1777 - Brandywine Creek, Chester County, PA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMilitary Service - Pvt. John Darwin (age 22) present at Battle of Germantown - 04 Oct 1777 - Germantown, Philadelphia County, PA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMilitary Service - Pvt. John Darwin (age 22) on Muster Roll of 3rd VA Regt, Powell's Co. - Dec 1777 - Valley Forge, PA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMilitary Service - John Darwin (age 26) present at Battle of Quinby Bridge (Shubrick's Plantation) - 17 Jul 1781 - Quinby Bridge, Berkeley County, South Carolina, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsLand Purchase - John Darwin (age 27) mortgages 300 acres from Humphrey Barnett - 15 Oct 1782 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsLand Purchase - John Darwin (age 30) purchases 100 acres from Allen Dowdle - May 1785 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsWill - John Darwin (age 30) named a beneficiary in his father's Will. - 24 Oct 1785 - Louisa County, Virginia, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsLand Purchase - John Darwin (age 31) secures title to 300 acres mortgaged in 1782 from Humphrey Barnett - 1786 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCourt & Legal - John Darwin (age 32) plaintiff in lawsuit for return of a horse from John Rice - 1787 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - "John Dervin" (age 35) - 1790 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCourt & Legal - John Darwin (age 35) witness to land purchase by Adam Meek from Thomas Wilcoxon - 1790 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCourt & Legal - John Darwin (age 36) serves as Grand Juror - 05 Jul 1791 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsSlave Transaction - John Darwin (age 37) purchases "Rachel" from Dorothea Moore - 19 Jul 1792 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCourt & Legal - John Darwin (age 38) appointed overseer of road - May 1793 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCourt & Legal - John Darwin (age 38) serves as Grand Juror - 05 Jul 1793 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCourt & Legal - John Darwin (age 38) serves as Grand Juror - 06 Feb 1794 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsSlave Transaction - John Darwin (age 39) purchases "Daniel" from Charles Smith - 19 Jan 1795 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsSlave Transaction - John Darwin (age 44) purchases "Luce" from William Dula - 08 Apr 1799 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsSlave Transaction - John Darwin (age 44) witness to purchase of "Dick" by John Hamilton from Thomas Herring - 31 Oct 1799 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - "John Derwin" (age 45) - 1800 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsLand Purchase - John Darwin (age 46) purchases 120 acres from William Thomasson; witnesses are James Darwin and "William Darwin". - 1801 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCourt & Legal - John Darwin (age 47) witness to land purchase by nephew George Cowan Darwin from George's father James - 13 Sep 1802 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCourt & Legal - John Darwin (age 51) witness to land sale by his nephew George Cowan Darwin to Daniel Smith - 15 Feb 1806 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsLand Purchase - John Darwin (age 52) purchases land (unknown acerage) from Hugh Bankhead - 07 Sep 1807 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCourt & Legal - John Darwin (age 54) named as Guardian of minor Ruth Taliaferro - 31 Mar 1809 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - "John Darvin" (age 55) - 1810 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - "John Darwin" (age 65) - 1820 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsLand Sale - John Darwin (age 67) sells land (unknown acreage) to son, John B. Darwin - 1822 - Union County, South Carolina, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsLand Purchase - John Darwin (age 69) purchases 100 acres from his son, John B. Darwin - 1824 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - 'John Darwin' (age 75), widower; text pending - 1830 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMilitary Service - John Darwin (age 79) applies for Revolutionary War Pension - 22 Oct 1834 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsPersonal Event - John Darwin (age 80) donates land for a local Presbyterian Church - 1835 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsWill - John Darwin (age 81) witness to Will of Samuel Miller - 1836 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsSlave Transaction - "Daniel" and "Milly" bequeathed in Will of John Darwin to legatees of their choice - 22 Nov 1836 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsSlave Transaction - "Rose" bequeathed in Will of John Darwin to his grandchildren by deceased daughter Rachel - 22 Nov 1836 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsWill - John Darwin (age 81) writes Will. - 22 Nov 1836 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 13 Jul 1837 - John Darwin Home (Stooping Pines), York County, South Carolina, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsWill - Probate of John Darwin's Will - 06 Nov 1837 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Darwin Family Burial Ground, York County, South Carolina, USA Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Photos
    Signature of John Darwin
    Signature of John Darwin
    From his application for a Revolutionary War Pension

    Headstones
    John Darwin
    John Darwin
    To the
    Memory
    of

    JOHN DARWIN SENR

    who died 13th July 1837
    aged 82 years, 3 months
    and 25 days.

    Happy soul thy days are ended
    All thy mourning days below
    Go by angels guards attended
    To the arms of Jesus, go

    In 76 a real Whig
    In 32 a real Union man


    Histories
    Meet the Virginians
    Meet the Virginians
    The children of William Darwin (1707-86), progenitors of the Darwins of the Southern United States

    Census (USA)
    CEN: 1810 SC York (2)
    CEN: 1810 SC York (2)
    Third Federal Census:
    John Darwin

    Military Records: American Revolution
    1777: 3rd Virginia Regiment: Muster Roll M6: June
    1777: 3rd Virginia Regiment: Muster Roll M6: June
    From Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783 (National Archives Microfilm Publication M246, 138 rolls); War Department Collection of Revolutionary War Records, Record Group 93; National Archives, Washington. D.C.: 3rd VA Regiment 1776-78) - Folders 74-76.
    1777: 3rd Virginia Regiment: Pay Roll M6: June
    1777: 3rd Virginia Regiment: Pay Roll M6: June
    From Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783 (National Archives Microfilm Publication M246, 138 rolls); War Department Collection of Revolutionary War Records, Record Group 93; National Archives, Washington. D.C.: 3rd VA Regiment 1776-78) - Folders 74-76.
    1777: 3rd Virginia Regiment: Muster Roll M7: July
    1777: 3rd Virginia Regiment: Muster Roll M7: July
    From Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783 (National Archives Microfilm Publication M246, 138 rolls); War Department Collection of Revolutionary War Records, Record Group 93; National Archives, Washington. D.C.: 3rd VA Regiment 1776-78) - Folders 74-76.
    1777: 3rd Virginia Regiment: Pay Roll M7: July
    1777: 3rd Virginia Regiment: Pay Roll M7: July
    From Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783 (National Archives Microfilm Publication M246, 138 rolls); War Department Collection of Revolutionary War Records, Record Group 93; National Archives, Washington. D.C.: 3rd VA Regiment 1776-78) - Folders 74-76.
    1777: 3rd Virginia Regiment: Muster Roll M8: August
    1777: 3rd Virginia Regiment: Muster Roll M8: August
    From Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783 (National Archives Microfilm Publication M246, 138 rolls); War Department Collection of Revolutionary War Records, Record Group 93; National Archives, Washington. D.C.: 3rd VA Regiment 1776-78) - Folders 74-76.
    1777: 3rd Virginia Regiment: Enlistments Nearing Completion (December 1777)
    1777: 3rd Virginia Regiment: Enlistments Nearing Completion (December 1777)
    From Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783 (National Archives Microfilm Publication M246, 138 rolls); War Department Collection of Revolutionary War Records, Record Group 93; National Archives, Washington. D.C.: 3rd VA Regiment 1776-78) - Folders 74-76.
    1777: 3rd Virginia Regiment: Pay Roll M8: August
    1777: 3rd Virginia Regiment: Pay Roll M8: August
    From Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783 (National Archives Microfilm Publication M246, 138 rolls); War Department Collection of Revolutionary War Records, Record Group 93; National Archives, Washington. D.C.: 3rd VA Regiment 1776-78) - Folders 74-76.
    1777: 3rd Virginia Regiment: Muster Roll M9: September
    1777: 3rd Virginia Regiment: Muster Roll M9: September
    From Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783 (National Archives Microfilm Publication M246, 138 rolls); War Department Collection of Revolutionary War Records, Record Group 93; National Archives, Washington. D.C.: 3rd VA Regiment 1776-78) - Folders 74-76.
    1777: 3rd Virginia Regiment: Pay Roll M9: September
    1777: 3rd Virginia Regiment: Pay Roll M9: September
    From Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783 (National Archives Microfilm Publication M246, 138 rolls); War Department Collection of Revolutionary War Records, Record Group 93; National Archives, Washington. D.C.: 3rd VA Regiment 1776-78) - Folders 74-76.
    1777: 3rd Virginia Regiment: Muster Roll M10: October
    1777: 3rd Virginia Regiment: Muster Roll M10: October
    From Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783 (National Archives Microfilm Publication M246, 138 rolls); War Department Collection of Revolutionary War Records, Record Group 93; National Archives, Washington. D.C.: 3rd VA Regiment 1776-78) - Folders 74-76.
    1777: 3rd Virginia Regiment: Pay Roll M10: October
    1777: 3rd Virginia Regiment: Pay Roll M10: October
    From Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783 (National Archives Microfilm Publication M246, 138 rolls); War Department Collection of Revolutionary War Records, Record Group 93; National Archives, Washington. D.C.: 3rd VA Regiment 1776-78) - Folders 74-76.
    1777: 3rd Virginia Regiment: Muster Roll M11: November
    1777: 3rd Virginia Regiment: Muster Roll M11: November
    From Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783 (National Archives Microfilm Publication M246, 138 rolls); War Department Collection of Revolutionary War Records, Record Group 93; National Archives, Washington. D.C.: 3rd VA Regiment 1776-78) - Folders 74-76.
    1778: 3rd Virginia Regiment: Muster Roll M01: January
Valley Forge
    1778: 3rd Virginia Regiment: Muster Roll M01: January Valley Forge
    1779: 3rd Virginia Regiment: List of Absentees (February 1779) - p3
    1779: 3rd Virginia Regiment: List of Absentees (February 1779) - p3
    From Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783 (National Archives Microfilm Publication M246, 138 rolls); War Department Collection of Revolutionary War Records, Record Group 93; National Archives, Washington. D.C.: 3rd VA Regiment 1776-78) - Folders 74-76.

  • Sources 
    1. [S41] MIL-REV: 1834 John Darwin Pension Application, NARA, Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files, Roll M804, Case File S.21155., p.2.
      "I was born in Louisa County, State of Virginia on the 19th March 1755, where I enlisted."

    2. [S20] BIB: 1880: Mary Darwin Hope Bible.
      "John Darwin, b. 3-19-1755, d. 7-13-1837"

    3. [S8] LOC: VA-LO: 1773 - 1778 Lousia County Tithe Lists , (Transcriptions found in Davis, Rosalie Edith, Louisa County, Virginia, Tithables and Census 1743 - 1785 (n.d.: Manchester, Missouri). ).
      1775: James Dabney's List - St. Martin's Parish, includes "CHARLES DICKERSON : Nat, Easter, JOHN DARWIN Ovsr. 4"
      Davis' notes explain "overseer" can represent someone managing a farm on behalf of a tithe-payer resident outside the Parish; "4" here represents the "combined white and black tithables," in this example including slaves Nat and Easter (Esther).

    4. [S134] MIL-REV: 1776 3rd VA Morning Return (A: 13 September), NARA: Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783 , National Archives Microfilm Publication M246, 138 .

      Pvt. John Darwin counted among 42 "fit for duty" in Capt. Johnson's Company

    5. [S41] MIL-REV: 1834 John Darwin Pension Application, NARA, Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files, Roll M804, Case File S.21155.

      "We reached the city of New York on the night of the 15th of September 1776. On the following morning we marched up between the East & North Rivers and found General Washington near fort Washington where he had entrenched himself on the North River. It was at this place I was engaged in a skirmish which took place between a party of British sent from the City of New York to reconnoiter Washington's force, in which I received a musket ball in my right arm which has made me a cripple for life."

    6. [S135] MIL-REV: 1776 3rd VA Morning Return (B: 21 September), NARA: Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783 , National Archives Microfilm Publication M246, 138 .
      Pvt. John Darwin listed as "1 wounded" in Capt. Johnson's Company

    7. [S138] MIL-REV: 1776 3rd VA Morning Return (C: 23 September), NARA: Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783 , National Archives Microfilm Publication M246, 138:.
      Pvt. John Darwin listed as "1 wounded" in Capt. Johnson's Company

    8. [S139] MIL-REV: 1776 3rd VA Morning Return (D: 26 September), NARA: Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783 , National Archives Microfilm Publication M246, 138:.
      Column for wounded missing from this return


    9. [S41] MIL-REV: 1834 John Darwin Pension Application, NARA, Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files, Roll M804, Case File S.21155.
      " I with the rest of the disabled & sick were carried to the Jersey side of the North River"

    10. [S140] MIL-REV: 1776 3rd VA Morning Return (E: 28 September), NARA: Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783 , National Archives Microfilm Publication M246, 138:.
      Pvt. John Darwin presumed in column "1 wounded"

    11. [S141] MIL-REV: 1776 3rd VA Morning Return (F: 6 October), NARA: Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783 , National Archives Microfilm Publication M246, 138:.
      No column for wounded; Pvt. John Darwin presumed evacuated before this date

    12. [S142] MIL-REV: 1776 3rd VA Morning Return (G: 11 October), NARA: Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783 , National Archives Microfilm Publication M246, 138:.
      No column for wounded; Pvt. John Darwin presumed evacuated before this date

    13. [S143] MIL-REV: 1776 3rd VA Morning Return (H: 6 November), NARA: Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783 , National Archives Microfilm Publication M246, 138:.
      No column for wounded; Pvt. John Darwin presumed evacuated before this date

    14. [S41] MIL-REV: 1834 John Darwin Pension Application, NARA, Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files, Roll M804, Case File S.21155.

      "I with the rest of the disabled & sick were carried to ... Philadelpia. I then took the Small Pox and was confined there about three months before I recovered."


    15. [S144] MIL-REV: 1777 3rd VA Muster Roll (M06: June), NARA: Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783 , National Archives Microfilm Publication M246, 138 .

    16. [S145] MIL-REV: 1777 3rd VA Pay Roll (M06: June), NARA: Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783 , National Archives Microfilm Publication M246, 138 .

    17. [S146] MIL-REV: 1777 3rd VA Muster Roll (M07: July), NARA: Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783 , National Archives Microfilm Publication M246, 138 .

    18. [S147] MIL-REV: 1777 3rd VA Pay Roll (M07: July), NARA: Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783 , National Archives Microfilm Publication M246, 138 .

    19. [S148] MIL-REV: 1777 3rd VA Muster Roll (M08: August), NARA: Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783 , National Archives Microfilm Publication M246, 138 .

    20. [S149] MIL-REV: 1777 3rd VA Pay Roll (M08: August), NARA: Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783 , National Archives Microfilm Publication M246, 138 .

    21. [S41] MIL-REV: 1834 John Darwin Pension Application, NARA, Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files, Roll M804, Case File S.21155.

      "we took up the line of march
      for Trenton & Philadelphia and I continued
      with the army and bore an active part, as a
      private, in the Battle of Brandywine"


    22. [S150] MIL-REV: 1777 3rd VA Muster Roll (M09: September), NARA: Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783 , National Archives Microfilm Publication M246, 138 .

    23. [S151] MIL-REV: 1777 3rd VA Pay Roll (M09: September), NARA: Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783 , National Archives Microfilm Publication M246, 138 .

    24. [S41] MIL-REV: 1834 John Darwin Pension Application, NARA, Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files, Roll M804, Case File S.21155.

      "After this battle I with the army retreated to White Marsh Church--I still continued with the army & fought in the Battle of Germantown."


    25. [S152] MIL-REV: 1777 3rd VA Muster Roll (M10: October), NARA: Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783 , National Archives Microfilm Publication M246, 138 .

    26. [S153] MIL-REV: 1777 3rd VA Pay Roll (M10: October), NARA: Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783 , National Archives Microfilm Publication M246, 138 .

    27. [S154] MIL-REV: 1777 3rd VA Muster Roll (M11: November), NARA: Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783 , National Archives Microfilm Publication M246, 138 .

    28. [S160] MIL-REV: 1778 3rd VA Muster Roll (M01: January) - Valley Forge, NARA: Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783 , National Archives Microfilm Publication M246, 138 .

    29. [S41] MIL-REV: 1834 John Darwin Pension Application, NARA, Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files, Roll M804, Case File S.21155.

      "After this battle we were marched to Valey Forge where I remained in winter quarters untill I got my discharge from Col. Woodward, which was on the 3rd day of February 1778."

    30. [S143] MIL-REV: 1776 3rd VA Morning Return (H: 6 November), NARA: Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783 , National Archives Microfilm Publication M246, 138:.

    31. [S159] MIL-REV: 1777 3rd VA Enlistments Nearing Completion (M12: December), NARA: Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783 , National Archives Microfilm Publication M246, 138 .

    32. [S41] MIL-REV: 1834 John Darwin Pension Application, NARA, Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files, Roll M804, Case File S.21155.

      "I again joined Col. Lacy & marched to Bengham's Church near Charleston in South Carolina. We had a skirmish near a bridge on Cooper River. After the skirmish we crossed Santee at Nelson's Ferry. We remained in this section some time & I took sick with the fever & ague & returned to York District & left the army. "

    33. [S75] LOC: SC-YO: 1782 Barnett/Darwin Land Deed, York County Deed Book A, page 67-68.

      "Humphrey Barnett and his wife Elizabeth of Craven County, Camden District South Carolina, to JOHN DARWIN of same, 15 October 1782, 300 acres along the north side of Broad River and adjacent to lands of Elizabeth Young, originally granted to ZACARIAH BULLOCK on 28 April 1768 by Gov. William Tryon of North Carolina and transferred to GEORGE COWAN, then to ROBERT LOUGHRIDGE, then to HUMPHREY BARNETT. Witnesses William GILLHAM, Denis DEMPSY, Arthur DUDNEY, William YOUNG."

      Mortgage commenced by 10 shillings.

      Title was further secured (perhaps following full payment on the mortgage) in the 1786: Barnett - Darwin Land Lease/Release.

      The 'George Cowan' referenced in chain of title is almost certainly the father of Mary Cowan, wife of John's brother James.

      The Grantor, Humphrey Barnett, was also one of John Darwin's commanding officers during the Revolutionary War in South Carolina (see John Darwin's Pension Application)

    34. [S25] LOC: SC-YO: 1785 Dowdle/Darwin Land Deed, York County Deed Book C, p. 92.
      John Darwin purchases from Allen Dowdle 100 acres on Turkey Creek, adjoining Samuel McBrayer's, for 5 pounds (part of a 1785 grant to Allen Dowdle); the witness was his brother, James Darwin.

    35. [S13] WIL: VA-LO: 1785 Will of William Darwin, Louisa County Will Book 3, p. 163.
      "I give & Bequeath to my son Jno. Darwin one Feather Bed & Furniture to him & his Heirs forever."

    36. [S95] LOC: SC-YO: 1786 Barnett/Darwin Land Lease/Release, Minutes of the County Court (York SC: 1786).

      "Lease and release from Humphrey Barnet & Eliza his wife to John Darwin for 300 acres, dated 15 October 1782, formerly proven by William Young before William McCulloch, Esqr, ordered to be recorded"

    37. [S97] LOC: SC-YO: 1787 Darwin v. Rice Lawsuit, Minutes of the County Court 1786-1797 (York SC), Ref: 27(89).
      "John Darwin vs. John Rice. Trover . Same petit jury assess the plaintiff's damage to 10 and costs, damage satisfied by Def'ts giving up the horse sued for to the plaintiff."
      "Trover" is defined by the OED as "Common-law action to recover value of personal property wrongfully taken or detained"

    38. [S37] CEN: 1790 SC York.
      "John Dervin" (age 35)

    39. [S98] LOC: SC-YO: 1790 Meek /Wilcoxon Land Deed, York County, South Carolina, Deed Book B, page 274: .
      John Darwin named as a witness to the sale by Adam Meek for 160 of a tract on Bullock Creek (originally granted to Robert Love) to Thomas Wilcoxon.
      "Wilcoxon" likely a variant spelling of name "Wilkinson/Wilkerson"

    40. [S100] LOC: SC-YO: 1791 Grand Jury Duty (John Darwin), York County, South Carolina July Court 1791 , Ref. 95-307.
      Grand Jury empaneled and sworn; John Darwin named as a Juror.

    41. [S102] LOC: SC-YO: 1792 Moore/Darwin Deed (Rachel), York County Deed Book C, page 75.
      For the sum of 42, John Darwin purchased from a Dorothea Moore "a negro wench, Rachel;" a John Steen and Robert Bell were witnesses named in the Deed.

    42. [S103] LOC: SC-YO: 1793 Overseer of Road (John Darwin), York County, SC: May Intermediate Court 1793 , (Ref. 122-33).
      "Ordered that John Darwin be appointed Overseer of the Road from Abr'm Smith's to Mays's Ferry in room of James Darwin."
      For James Darwin's previous appointment, see: LOC SC-YO: 1791 Overseer of Road (James Darwin)

    43. [S117] LOC: SC-YO: 1793 Grand Jury Duty (John Darwin), York County, South Carolina July Court 1793 , Ref.123-35.
      "The Grand Jury were sworn & charged who were ...John Darwin..."

    44. [S118] LOC: SC-YO: 1794 Grand Jury Duty (John Darwin), York County, South Carolina February Court 1794 , Ref.131-56.
      "Thursday, Feb 6 1794: A Jury for the next Court were drawn, who were as follows: For Grand Jurors: ...John Darwin..."

    45. [S119] LOC: SC-YO: 1795 Smith/Darwin Deed (Daniel), York County Deed Book C, page 472.
      For the sum of 61, John Darwin purchased from a Charles Smith "a negro boy, Daniel;" a John Mitchell and John Darwin's nephew George Cowan Darwin were witnesses named in the Deed.

    46. [S120] LOC: SC-YO: 1799 Dula/Darwin Deed (Luce), York County Deed Book E, page 379.
      For the sum of $295, John Darwin purchased from a William Dula (of Wilkes County, North Carolina) "a negro girl, Luce;" an Isom Gilham and Jeptha Harrington (brother of James Darwin's son George Cowan Darwin's wife Delilah, and himself later a son-in-law of John Darwin, when he married his daughter Nancy Darwin in 1800) were witnesses named in the Deed.

    47. [S121] LOC: SC-YO: 1799 Herring/Hamilton Deed (Dick), York County Deed Book E, page 552.
      Purchase by one John Hamilton from one Thomas Herring (of Georgia) of "a negro man Dick" for 81 13s 4d, witnessed by John Darwin.

    48. [S38] CEN: 1800 SC York.
      "John Derwin" (age 45)

    49. [S30] LOC: SC-YO: 1801 Thomasson/Darwin Land Deed, York County SC Deed Book F, p. 14 (11 August 1801).
      John Darwin purchases from William Thomasson 120 acres on Beaver Dam Creek for $135. Witnesses were his brother, James Darwin, and "William Darwin" (probably John's son William,then aged 15, or possibly James' son, William Washington Darwin, then aged 32 (and thought to be resident in Spartanburg in 1800, but possibly returned to York at this time, prior to eventual migration to Tennessee?)

    50. [S31] LOC: SC-YO: 1802 Darwin/Darwin Land Deed, York County SC Deed Book F, p. 123 (13 September 1802).

      James Darwin sells for $10 to his son George Cowan Darwin 100 acres "where George Darwin now lives." Witnesses: Joshua Bridges, and James' brother John Darwin.

    51. [S128] LOC: SC-YO: 1806 Darwin/Smith Deed, York County SC Deed Book G, p. 143.
      Sale by George Cowan Darwin "and Delilah his wife" of a tract on the Broad River to Daniel Smith. Witnesses: John L. Henderson, John Darwin.
      John L. Henderson is possibly the same "John Henderson" named as executor of Will of Thomas Henderson of Union County: see 'The Henderson Conundrum'

    52. [S131] LOC: SC-YO: 1807 Bankhead/Darwin Land Deed, York County SC Deed Book G, p. 60 .
      Sale by Hugh Bankhead (of Buncombe County, North Carolina) of a tract on the Broad River for $200 to John Darwin. Witnesses: John Moore, Jr. (who later married Rebecca Darwin) and Mary M. Bankhead.

    53. [S155] LOC: SC-YO: 1809 Taliaferro Guardianship, York County SC Deed Book G, p. 185 (31 March 1809).
      John Moore and John G. Brown "signed note for $100 to John Darwin, guardian of Ruth Taliaferro, minor daughter of William Taliaferro." Witness: John L. Henderson.
      John Moore would later (circa 1820) marry Rebecca Darwin, daughter of John Darwin.

      According to the Hart Genealogy, Ruth Brown Taliaferro was the daughter of John Moore's sister Margaret, and would later marry a cousin, one William Moore. See article: The Taliaferro Guardianship.

      John L. Henderson is possibly the same "John Henderson" named as Executor of Thomas Henderson's Will. See article: The Henderson Conundrum

    54. [S72] CEN: 1810 SC York.
      "John Darvin" (age 55)

    55. [S73] CEN: 1820 SC York.
      "John Darwin" (age 65); Census also notes the household has "a Distillery"

    56. [S107] LOC: SC-UN: 1822 Darwin/Darwin Land Deed, Union County SC Deed Book R, p. 418 .
      Sale by John Darwin of unknown acreage to his son, John Bland Darwin

    57. [S175] LOC: SC-YO: 1824 Darwin/Darwin Land Deed, York County SC Deed Book K, p. 139 (1824).
      Sale by John Bland Darwin of 100 acres to his father, John Darwin.

    58. [S96] CEN: 1830 SC York.
      John Darwin, Sr.

    59. [S202] MIL-REV: 1833 Affidavit of David Bullock .

    60. [S41] MIL-REV: 1834 John Darwin Pension Application, NARA, Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files, Roll M804, Case File S.21155.

    61. [S206] MIL-REV: 1835 Certificate of South Carolina Comptroller General.

    62. [S207] MIL-REV: 1835 Certificate of Virginia State Auditor.

    63. [S204] MIL-REV: 1835 John Darwin Letter to War Department (1) .

    64. [S205] MIL-REV: 1835 John Darwin Letter to War Department (2) .

    65. [S208] MIL-REV: 1837 Accounting of Pension Paid to Captain John Darwin, NARA Revolutionary Pension Files, S21155.

    66. [S157] PUB: 1951: Sesquicentenial History of the A.R.P. Church.

      "In 1835 a small but comfortable church was erected on the site occupied by the present building. The land was donated by a generous Presbyterian--John Darwin. It was a small edifice with no means of heating. A fire was built in the yard for the people to warm themselves after the long ride, for in those days there were no buggies or carriages and few roads, although centrally located it was 10 miles to the outskirts of the congregation. Most of the members rode horseback.

      From 1835 to 1843 the Pulpit was supplied by Revs. Thomas Kitchen, Eleazer Harris, John Pressly, David Pressly, Joseph McDreary, L.G.Martin, R.C.Grier and J.H.Boyce...."


    67. [S222] WIL: SC-YO: 1836 Will of Samuel Miller, York County Will Book , ref. pending.
      Text not currently available; among the witnesses are John Darwin (who drafted his own will in November 1836).

    68. [S133] WIL: SC-YO: 1836 Will of John Darwin, York County Will Book G, p. 544, July 1837.
      "I will that my Negroes Daniel and Milly be appraised and goe to the legatee with whom they wish to live at appraisement, and that the rest of the negroes be so appraised that the mothers and their small children be not separated and that the legatees to take them at appraisement by families and that my three negro men with larger children be appraised separately and be taken by the legatees (if they choose) at the appraisement"


    69. [S133] WIL: SC-YO: 1836 Will of John Darwin, York County Will Book G, p. 544, July 1837.
      "Item. To the children of my daughter Rachel, I will ... my Negro girl Rose with her issue (except the oldest child)"

    70. [S133] WIL: SC-YO: 1836 Will of John Darwin, York County Will Book G, p. 544, July 1837.

    71. [S1] BIB: 1837: Darwin/Bland "Bible", Quarto Page 3.
      "John Darwin Senior Departed this life July 13th 1837"

    72. [S235] COR: 1949 Hart - Rogers Correspondence.

    73. [S238] IND: 1936 WPA - Belcher Church and Grave, C. Ed. Burtis, (WPA (Works Progress Administration)).

      This church was built by a John Durvin, an Englishman, and was part of Saint Martin's Parish.

    74. [S1] BIB: 1837: Darwin/Bland "Bible".
      "William Darwin born June 26th 1707 And Maried Sept 26th 1734"

    75. [S20] BIB: 1880: Mary Darwin Hope Bible.
      "John Darwin, b. 3-19-1755, d. 7-13-1837, and Jane Bland, b. 1-2-1762, d. 3-10-1827, m. 3-11-1783"