2.05 James DARWIN

2.05 James DARWIN

Male 1744 - Abt 1825  (80 years)

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  • Name James DARWIN 
    Title 2.05 
    Born 19 Jun 1744  Louisa County, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Gender Male 
    Court & Legal 09 Feb 1767  Fishing Creek, York County, South Carolina, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    James Darwin (age 22) named as Chain Bearer on plat of grant to Zacariah Bullock  
    Land Purchase 20 Jul 1770  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [4
    James Darwin (age 26) purchases 100 acres from John Fulton 
    Court & Legal 25 Jul 1771  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [5
    James Darwin (age 27) named as Chair Bearer in plat on Broad River by "Lafferty's Creek" 
    Court & Legal 23 Dec 1781  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [6
    James Darwin (age 37) named as neighbour in McCurdy/Plaxico Land Deed  
    Military Service 10 Sep 1784  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [7
    Pay indent to James Darwin (age 40) for 297 days militia service (372) 
    Court & Legal May 1785  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [8
    James Darwin (age 40) is witness to land purchase by his brother, John Darwin  
    Will 24 Oct 1785  Louisa County, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [9
    James Darwin (age 41) is an unnamed beneficiary of father's Will 
    Land Purchase 07 Oct 1786  Beaver Dam Creek, York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [10
    James Darwin (age 42) purchases 300 acres from Robert Bland 
    Census 1790  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [11
    "Jas. Dervin" (age 46) 
    Court & Legal Jul 1790  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [12
    James Darwin (age 46) among guarantors of Bond posted by John Hogg (on charges of Petty Larceny) 
    Land Sale 1792  Beaver Dam Creek, York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [13
    James Darwin (age 48) sells 100 acres to James Currier 
    Court & Legal Oct 1794  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [14
    James Darwin (age 50) appointed Overseer of Road 
    Court & Legal 05 Aug 1796  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [15
    James Darwin (age 52) on Jury Duty 
    Census 1800  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [16
    "James Derwin" (age 56) 
    Court & Legal 11 Aug 1801  Beaver Dam Creek, York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [17
    James Darwin (age 57) witness to purchase of 120 acres from William Thomasson by his brother, John Darwin 
    Land Sale 13 Sep 1802  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [18
    James Darwin (age 58) sells 100 acres to his son, George C. Darwin (age 30) 
    Land Sale 30 Oct 1802  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [19
    James Darwin (age 58) sells 100 acres on Clark's Fork to Benjamin Enloe 
    Court & Legal 19 Jan 1808  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [20
    James Darwin (age 63) signs bail bond on behalf of his son, James W. Darwin 
    Census 1810  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [21
    "James Darvin, Sen." (age 66) 
    Land Sale 07 Jun 1817  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [22
    James Darwin (age 72) signs Life Estate Deed arranged with son-in-law, Jeremiah Smith 
    Census 1820  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [23
    "James Derwin" (age 76) 
    Died Abt 1825  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Age circa 81
    Notes 
    • Commentary: DWD 2.05

      No bible record has been found for James Darwin's family that gives a full list of his family or his marriage date. I have one researcher's family group sheet stating that James married Mary Cowan about 1766 in York Co., SC (or more accurately the district that would become York Co., in 1785). However the same family group sheet also shows their son William Washington Darwin (3.11) born 1764. I rather suspect that the source copy of this date showed 1769 where a badly written 9 has been read as a looped 4. (Also note that William was aged 81 on the 1850 AL census).

      Other sources and charts, which may possibly be based on the Harrington Papers, show James and Mary's eldest son as James Darwin Jr., born 1766. I do not believe their first son was James who possibly may have died in infancy.

      With a sparsity of data, the early researchers had a problem reconstructing the list of children in the family with the only guide being the male and female head count on the 1790, 1800 and 1810 census records for SC. It was presumed that James Sr. married at the age of majority around 1765/66 and then that the eldest son was born shortly thereafter and given his father's name (as it was known from the 1810 SC census where James is listed as James Darvin Sr. that there was a son James Jr. but it was not possible to determine his age).

      The second problem confronting the researchers was whether Mary (Cowan) Darwin could possibly be the mother of the youngest children numbered on the 1810 SC census who were born after 1790 at which time Mary was aged 44, or were they more likely grand children of the conjectured eldest son James Jr.

      Fortunately the problem became resolved by the fine detective work of Frances Corcoran who located the record of James Darwin Jr.1s (3.18) second marriage to Mary Raper, 12 Jan. 1830 in St. Landry Parish, LA which also noted that he was the son of James DARWIN and Mary COWEN, and then Frances combined the age data from the 1820 and 1830 Louisiana census for James Darwin Jr. with the above SC census records for James Darwin Sr. to finalize that James Darwin Jr. was born between 1784 and 1790. It was then considered that the youngest girls were also Mary Cowan Darwin's daughters, which meant that Mary was aged 50 when she gave birth to her youngest daughter, also named Mary Darwin.

      James bought 100 acres of land from John Fulton on 20 July 1770 where the deed was issued under Tryon Co., NC (Tryon Co. was abolished in 1779 and up to 1772 would have included almost all of present day York and Cherokee counties in SC). There is a deed dated 23 Dec. 1784 in York Co. where Robert McCurdy sold land to Henry Plaxico on both sides of Beaver Dam Creek of Broad River which adjoined land belonging to James Darwin. On the 7 Oct. 1786 James bought 300 acres more on Beaver Dam Creek from Robert Bland (the father of Jane Bland who married John Darwin) and this land bordered on the land he already had. The witnesses were his brother, John Darwin, and Henry Plaxico, who is noted in the deed above.

      During the Revolutionary War (1776-83), James served as a soldier in South Carolina Militia and was duly paid the sum of 53-2-10 sterling for having served a total of 297 days under Capt. William McCulloch, Capt. Barnett and General Henderson as shown on his pay billet.

      The Darvin and Dervin spelling of the family name in South Carolina, including the SC census records, may have come about as a result of James Darwin's signature that appears to be written with a 'v' The signature is not bad considering that he was a farmer and not a clerk. James left no will but a deed in York Co., SC dated 7 June 1817 to Jeremiah Smith gives all his land and personal estate to Smith upon his and Mary's death provided Smith gives them support and pays their present debts. It would seem from the SC census that the youngest daughter had married and was still living with James Darwin Sr. in 1820, from which it is deduced that this Jeremiah Smith is the husband and explains why this particular arrangement was made in the deed. No name was given for the wife of Jeremiah Smith. On my chart I showed this daughter as Nancy because I was given record in a family listing that she married a Smith and reference to Nancy, had also been given as a sister of William Washington Darwin in 'Leaves from the Family Tree' by Penelope Johnson Allen (published 1933). I had a concern that this Nancy referenced may be the daughter Anne, who married Andrew Dudney, since Nancy is the pet form of the name Anne but decided to accept the data that was available. I have since been informed that this daughter's name is Mary Darwin and that by 1840, she and her husband Jeremiah Smith had moved to Benton County, TN, where they are listed on the census. The family of Mary's sister, Jane Darwin Petty who was married to Thomas Petty, were also living in Benton County during this period.

      It is likely that all James Darwin's children were born at his homestead in SC in what would become York Co. in 1785. Tim Grana references that James was in SC as early as April 1767 and it is my belief that he probably married Mary Cowan in SC (1766). Maybe their marriage record along with the elder children's birth records were transferred north to NC after the separation from Tryon County, NC in 1772 and were subsequently mislaid after the abolition of that county in 1779.
    • References:

      Frances Corcoran
      Dero A. Darwin, Jr.
      OD
    • Working Notes

      JAMES DARWIN was the fifth child (second son) of William Darwin (1.01). He was born 19 June 1744 in Louisa County, Virginia (date of birth from Darwin/Bland "Bible" Record), and died circa 1825, probably in York County, South Carolina. The majority of American Darwins living today are descendents of James Darwin.

      On 11 March 1766, he married MARY COWAN, who was born 14 September 1746. Her father was probably George Cowan (see Cowan Family Group Page). She died circa 1818, probably in York County, South Carolina.

      James migrated from Virginia to York District, South Carolina, some time prior to 9 February 1767, when he is named on Tryon County Deed (he was not yet 23). He subsequently purchased 100 acres (recorded as part of Tryon County NC, but later determined to be part of York District SC) on 20 July 1770 from Robert Fulton.

      In the early 1780's, James fought with the local patriot militia in the Revolutionary War; part of this service was probably in the company of his younger brother, John Darwin (2.08). He served in the local patriot militia; a surviving pay indent bears his signature, and gives length (but not dates) of service under Capt. William McCulloch, Capt. Humphrey Barnett, and Gen. William Henderson.

      In a York County deed dated 7 June 1817, James gave all his land and chattels to Jeremiah Smith in exchange for discharge of present debts, and a life estate arrangment for himself and wife Mary (Cowan) Darwin. Christopher B. Darwin has pointed out that this arrangement, in lieu of a will, was with James's son-in-law (husband of his daughter Mary).

      It is presumed James and Mary died in South Carolina, but their graves are not located in the known Darwin burial sites.
    Person ID I2681  DARUSA | Descendants of William Darwin
    Last Modified 10 Jun 2019 

    Father William DARWIN,   b. 26 Jun 1707,   d. Mar 1786, Darwin Home (Hollowing Creek), Louisa County, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 78 years) 
    Mother Jane,   b. 23 Jun 1715,   d. Abt 1791, Darwin Home (Hollowing Creek), Louisa County, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 75 years) 
    Married 26 Sep 1734  [24
    • place unknown
    Family ID F0181  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Mary COWAN,   b. 14 Sep 1746,   d. Abt 1818, York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 71 years) 
    Married 11 Mar 1766 
    • probably York, SC
    Children 
    +1. William Washington DARWIN,   b. 12 Aug 1769, York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1852, Madison County, AL Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 82 years)
    +2. George Cowan DARWIN,   b. 18 Oct 1771, York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Jul 1853, Jackson County, TN Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 81 years)
    +3. Jane DARWIN,   b. Abt 1773, York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1844, Benton County, TN Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 71 years)
    +4. Anne DARWIN,   b. 20 Mar 1776, York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 02 Mar 1843, Jackson County, TN Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 66 years)
    +5. Sarah DARWIN,   b. 27 Apr 1780, York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1824-1830, Dickson County, TN Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 49 years)
    +6. John M. DARWIN,   b. 1781, York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1856, Jackson County, AL Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 75 years)
    +7. Margaret DARWIN,   b. Abt 1785, York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1835, Perry County, MO Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 50 years)
    +8. James W. DARWIN, Sr.,   b. Abt 1787, York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1834, San Felipe, Austin County, TX Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 47 years)
    +9. Jerusha Jane DARWIN,   b. 22 Oct 1794, York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1873, Dickson County, TN Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 78 years)
    +10. Mary DARWIN,   b. Abt 1796, York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 1860  (Age ~ 65 years)
    Last Modified 26 May 2009 
    Family ID F0102  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 19 Jun 1744 - Louisa County, Virginia, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCourt & Legal - James Darwin (age 22) named as Chain Bearer on plat of grant to Zacariah Bullock - 09 Feb 1767 - Fishing Creek, York County, South Carolina, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsLand Purchase - James Darwin (age 26) purchases 100 acres from John Fulton - 20 Jul 1770 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCourt & Legal - James Darwin (age 27) named as Chair Bearer in plat on Broad River by "Lafferty's Creek" - 25 Jul 1771 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCourt & Legal - James Darwin (age 37) named as neighbour in McCurdy/Plaxico Land Deed - 23 Dec 1781 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMilitary Service - Pay indent to James Darwin (age 40) for 297 days militia service (372) - 10 Sep 1784 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCourt & Legal - James Darwin (age 40) is witness to land purchase by his brother, John Darwin - May 1785 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsWill - James Darwin (age 41) is an unnamed beneficiary of father's Will - 24 Oct 1785 - Louisa County, Virginia, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsLand Purchase - James Darwin (age 42) purchases 300 acres from Robert Bland - 07 Oct 1786 - Beaver Dam Creek, York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - "Jas. Dervin" (age 46) - 1790 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCourt & Legal - James Darwin (age 46) among guarantors of Bond posted by John Hogg (on charges of Petty Larceny) - Jul 1790 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsLand Sale - James Darwin (age 48) sells 100 acres to James Currier - 1792 - Beaver Dam Creek, York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCourt & Legal - James Darwin (age 50) appointed Overseer of Road - Oct 1794 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCourt & Legal - James Darwin (age 52) on Jury Duty - 05 Aug 1796 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - "James Derwin" (age 56) - 1800 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCourt & Legal - James Darwin (age 57) witness to purchase of 120 acres from William Thomasson by his brother, John Darwin - 11 Aug 1801 - Beaver Dam Creek, York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsLand Sale - James Darwin (age 58) sells 100 acres to his son, George C. Darwin (age 30) - 13 Sep 1802 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsLand Sale - James Darwin (age 58) sells 100 acres on Clark's Fork to Benjamin Enloe - 30 Oct 1802 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCourt & Legal - James Darwin (age 63) signs bail bond on behalf of his son, James W. Darwin - 19 Jan 1808 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - "James Darvin, Sen." (age 66) - 1810 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsLand Sale - James Darwin (age 72) signs Life Estate Deed arranged with son-in-law, Jeremiah Smith - 07 Jun 1817 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - "James Derwin" (age 76) - 1820 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - Abt 1825 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Photos
    James Darwin's signature
    James Darwin's signature
    From the 1784 Pay Indent for SC Militia Service

    Histories
    Meet the Virginians
    Meet the Virginians
    The children of William Darwin (1707-86), progenitors of the Darwins of the Southern United States

    Military Records: American Revolution
    MIL-REV: 1784 James Darwin Pay Indent
    MIL-REV: 1784 James Darwin Pay Indent
    Photocopy of 1784 pay indent to James Darwin for service in local militia during the American Revolutionary War

  • Sources 
    1. [S1] BIB: 1837: Darwin/Bland "Bible", Quarto p. B, 1837.
      James Darwin born June 19th.................17(xx)
      Year of birth illegible

    2. [S19] BIB: 1870: Darwin/Nettles "Bible", MS. AC 67-85., 1, 1870.
      James Darwin, Sr., born June 19, 1744

    3. [S23] PUB 1980: North Carolina Land Grants in South Carolina, Holcomb, Brent.

      File No. 2011; Grant No. 437; Book 23, page 36. Plat of 9 February 1767, Surveyed for Zacariah Bullock, 580 acres on Ridge between Turkey and Fishing Creek....Wm Simms, Surveyor, Robert Swan, James Darwin, C.B. Issued 25 April 1767

    4. [S23] PUB 1980: North Carolina Land Grants in South Carolina, Holcomb, Brent.
      Tryon County NC Deed of 20 July 1770: John FULTON sells 100 acres to James DARWIN, proved by Robt McCurdy.

    5. [S23] PUB 1980: North Carolina Land Grants in South Carolina, Holcomb, Brent.

      File No. 436, Grant No. 104; Book 20, p. 707. Plat surveyed for John McKenny, 176 acres on both sides of Laffertys Creek of Broad River, adj. Robert McCurdy, John McKnitt Alader (sic.)...Goin Moore, 25 July 1771. Jno Kirkconnell, Survr, Robt. McCurdy, James Darwin, C.B. Granted 14 Nov 1771.

    6. [S24] LOC: SC-YO: 1781 McCurdy/Plaxico Land Deed, York County Deed Book A, p. 191.

      James Darwin is named as a neighbour in a sale of 40 acres on the Broad River by Robert McCurdy to Henry Plaxico

    7. [S29] MIL-REV: 1784 James Darwin Pay Indent, No. 216 Book I.

    8. [S25] LOC: SC-YO: 1785 Dowdle/Darwin Land Deed, York County Deed Book C, p. 92.

      John Darwin purchases from Allen Dowdle 100 acres on Turkey Creek, adjoining Samuel McBrayer's, for 5 pounds (part of a 1785 grant to Allen Dowdle); the witness was his brother, James Darwin.

    9. [S13] WIL: VA-LO: 1785 Will of William Darwin, Louisa County Will Book 3, p. 163.
      "Item. the balance of my Estate I leave to be equally Divided amongst all my Children."

    10. [S27] LOC: SC-YO: 1786 Bland/Darwin Land Deed, York County Deed Book A, pp. 201-203, October 1786.
      ROBERT BLAND, planter of 96 District, to JAMES DARWIN, planter of Camden District, York County, 7 October 1786, 300 Acres on Beaver Dam creek of Broad River, bounded NE on lands of JOHN RICHARDSON, SW on ROBERT MCCURDY and JAMES DARWIN; granted by Governor of South Carolina to ROBERT BLAND 21 January 1785. Witnesses JOHN DARWIN and HENRY PLAXICO

    11. [S37] CEN: 1790 SC York.
      "Jas. Dervin"

    12. [S34] LOC: SC-YO: 1790 John Hogg Bond, July 1790 Court, York County, SC, Ref. 82(272).
      July Court, York District: We John Hogg, James Darwin, & Christopher Freeman do bind ourselves in the sum of 20, to be void on condition that John Hogg will appear at the next court & abide by and perform the Order of the Court for Petit Larceny.

    13. [S28] LOC: SC-YO: 1792 Darwin/Currier Land Deed, York County Deed Book C, page 114 (1792).
      Sale by James Darwin "and Mary his wife" of 100 acres on Beaver Dam Creek for 50 pounds to James Currier; this land had been part of the 300 acres purchased from Robert Bland in 1786 (witnesses named in the Deed are Henry Plaxco and James Plaxco). See also 1786: Bland/Darwin Land Deed.

    14. [S35] LOC: SC-YO: 1791 Overseer of Road (James Darwin), York County, SC: October Intermediate Court 1791 , (Ref. 101-324).
      Ordered that James Darwin be appointed Overseer of the Road from Mays's Ferry to Abrm Smith Esquires in room of Robt McCurdy.

    15. [S36] LOC: SC-YO: 1796 Jury Duty (James Darwin), York County, SC, August Court 1796 , Ref.166-153.
      For Petit Jurors: ... James Darwin...

    16. [S38] CEN: 1800 SC York.

    17. [S30] LOC: SC-YO: 1801 Thomasson/Darwin Land Deed, York County SC Deed Book F, p. 14 (11 August 1801).

      John Darwin purchases from William Thomasson 120 acres on Beaver Dam Creek for $135. Witnesses were his son, William Darwin, and his brother, James Darwin.

    18. [S31] LOC: SC-YO: 1802 Darwin/Darwin Land Deed, York County SC Deed Book F, p. 123 (13 September 1802).
      James Darwin sells for $10 to his son George Cowan Darwin 100 acres "where George Darwin now lives." Witnesses: Joshua Bridges, and James' brother John Darwin.

    19. [S32] LOC: SC-YO: 1802 Darwin/Enloe Land Deed, York County SC Deed Book F, p. 141 (30 October 1802).
      James Darwin sells 100 acres on Clark's Fork for $100 to Benjamin Enloe. Witnesses: George Plaxco, John Leslie.

    20. [S132] LOC: SC-YO: 1808 Seehorn/Darwin Lawsuit (Assault & Battery), York County Court Minute Book (Volume I - 1786-1820).

      "James Darwin Jun. and James Darwin Senior and George Campbell personally came before me Francis Adams one of the Justices assigned to keep the peace in the District aforesaid, and acknowledged themselves to owe to the State of South Carolina; that is to say, the said James Darwin Junior the sum of one thousand dollars, and the said James Darwin Senior and George Campbell each the sum of five hundred dollars, separately, to be made and levied of their goods and chattels, lands and tenements, respectively, to the use of the said State, if the said James Darwin Junior shall make Default on the condition under written.

      The condition of the recognizance is such that if the above bound James Darwin Junior shall appear at the court of general sessions of the peace to be holden at York Court house in and for the District of York on the fourth monday of March next and then and there answer to a charge against him by the State of South Carolina for an escape and also for a charge on suspicion of wounding (hiatus: lost line of text which probably reads "Seehorn, and not depart") without leave of the court then the above recognizance to be void otherwise to remain in full force."


    21. [S72] CEN: 1810 SC York.

    22. [S33] LOC: SC-YO: 1817 Darwin/Smith Deed.
      In a York County deed dated 7 June 1817, James Darwin gave all his land and chattels to Jeremiah Smith in exchange for discharge of present debts, and a life estate arrangment for himself and wife Mary (Cowan) Darwin.

      This transaction explains why James Darwin left no Will; he has hereby disposed of his Estate

    23. [S73] CEN: 1820 SC York.

    24. [S1] BIB: 1837: Darwin/Bland "Bible".
      "William Darwin born June 26th 1707 And Maried Sept 26th 1734"