3.12 George Cowan DARWIN

3.12 George Cowan DARWIN

Male 1771 - 1853  (81 years)

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  • Name George Cowan DARWIN 
    Title 3.12 
    Born 18 Oct 1771  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Gender Male 
    Census 1790  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    George C. Darwin (age 19) presumed in household of father, James Darwin 
    Court & Legal 21 May 1791  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [4
    George C. Darwin (age 19) witness to land purchase by John Smith from Joshua Denton 
    Slave Transaction 19 Jan 1795  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [5
    George C. Darwin (age 23) witness to purchase of "Daniel" by John Darwin 
    Census 1800  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [6
    "George C. Derwin" (age 29) 
    Land Purchase 13 Sep 1802  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [7
    George C. Darwin (age 30) purchases 100 acres from his father, James Darwin. 
    Personal Event 22 Oct 1803  El Bethel Baptist Church, Union County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [8
    George C. Darwin (age 32) baptised at El Bethel Baptist Church, Union County SC 
    Land Sale 15 Feb 1806  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [9
    George C. Darwin (age 34) sells tract of land to Daniel Smith 
    Personal Event May 1806  El Bethel Baptist Church, Union County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [10
    George C. Darwin (age 34) excommunicated 
    Court & Legal 13 Sep 1806  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [11
    George C. Darwin (age 34) witness to land purchase by Joseph Leech from James Currier  
    Census 1820  Jackson County, TN Find all individuals with events at this location  [12
    "G.C. Darwin" (age 49) 
    Court & Legal Mar 1825  Jackson County, TN Find all individuals with events at this location  [13
    George C. Darwin (age 53) testifies in Castle v. McCarver lawsuit 
    Census 1830  Jackson County, TN Find all individuals with events at this location  [14
    "Geo. C. Darwin" (age 59) 
    Court & Legal 14 May 1833  Jackson County, TN Find all individuals with events at this location  [15
    George C. Darwin (age 61) witnesses War Pension application of Ralph Rodgers  
    Census 1840  Jackson County, TN Find all individuals with events at this location  [16
    "G.C. Darwin, Sen." (age 69) 
    Died 30 Jul 1853  Jackson County, TN Find all individuals with events at this location  [17, 18
    Buried
    • Darwin Riverside Farm Cemetery, Jackson County, TN
    Notes 
    • Commentary: DWD 3.12


      I have two unrelated family sheets that state that George Cowan Darwin married Delilah Harrington in Richmond, Virginia in 1796. I do not know if this data has been taken from a specific record or whether it is based on an intuitive deduction that their eldest son, born 16 Oct. 1796, was named Richmond, in celebration of the place of their nuptials. I can only say that the 1860 census for Butlers Landing, Jackson Co., TN, where Richmond's name is given as Richman Dirvin, aged 63, his place of birth is given as South Carolina.

      Ten years later in 1870, while still at Butlers Landing, Richmond Darwin is shown as: Darwin, R, now aged 73, with a place of birth as Virginia. I suppose the fact that Richmond offers Virginia on the later census makes me consider it quite plausible that his parents were also married in Virginia.

      As mentioned in section 3.11, the 1803-45 records of El Bethel Baptist Church of Union County (now Cherokee County), SC show that on

      October 1803, 4th Saturday: Received by experience Brother George Darwin. On Sunday baptised him....
      May 1805 Monthly Meeting: Received by experience Our Sister Delilah Darwin...
      February 1808 Monthly Meeting: Letter of dismissal granted to Sister Delilah Darwin.


      Soon thereafter, George with his wife Delilah and six children moved from York Co., SC to their river-bottom plantation in White's Bend of the Cumberland River, Jackson Co., TN. I do not know how eventful the journey was, their son Richmond would have been aged 11, followed by Chapman (aged 8), Nancy (aged 7), William Green (aged 4), Young John (nearly 3) and baby Washington Darwin (about 8 months old) and Delilah was also carrying her next daughter Mary, who would be born in July 1808.

      At present I do not have details of the land records but I wonder if George's brother William owned a separate tract of land or whether he agreed to work with George on his White Bend's Plantation that is sometimes referenced as the Darwin Plantation and would later be renamed Riverside Farm.

      The Tennessee census for 1810 does not appear to show a record for either Darwin brother and ten years later in 1820, there are three separate households for G.C. Darwin, his son shown as Richman Darwin, and for William Darwin together with three of his sons. Since these census entries are all on the same page 7, it does suggest that they were living in close proximity to one and other and possibly sharing their work activity.

      By 1830 both his son Richmond as well as his brother William Washington Darwin had moved on to Alabama. George and Delilah would live out their lives on their plantation and are buried in the Darwin Cemetery, which was on part of their land that was fortunately on high ground and has survived to this day as most of the land was taken by eminent domain for the Cordell Hull Dam and Lake and is now under water.
    • References:

      Anne M. Darwin
      Percy J. Darwin
      Dero A. Darwin, Jr. (family papers)
      Darwin-Nettles Bible record
    • Working Notes

      For spurious connection of George C. Darwin with the phantom "Rev. John Darwin (1728-1800)" see 1949 Hart - Rogers Correspondence [19]
    Person ID I2684  DARUSA | Descendants of William Darwin
    Last Modified 6 Jul 2010 

    Father James DARWIN,   b. 19 Jun 1744, Louisa County, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1825, York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 80 years) 
    Mother Mary COWAN,   b. 14 Sep 1746,   d. Abt 1818, York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 71 years) 
    Married 11 Mar 1766 
    • probably York, SC
    Family ID F0102  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Delilah HARRINGTON,   b. 01 Jun 1776, NC: Chatham County, NC Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 05 May 1843, Gainesboro, Jackson County, TN Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 66 years) 
    Married Abt 1796 
    • place unknown; DWD notes "VA?"
    Children 
    +1. Richmond DARWIN,   b. 16 Oct 1796, York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. After 1880, Clay County, TN Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 84 years)
     2. Chapman H. DARWIN,   b. 16 Jan 1799, York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 Aug 1840  (Age 41 years)
     3. Nancy DARWIN,   b. 25 Dec 1800, York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location
    +4. William Green DARWIN,   b. 20 Aug 1803, York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Aug 1851, Jackson County, TN Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 47 years)
     5. Young John DARWIN,   b. 10 Apr 1805,   d. 03 Oct 1815  (Age 10 years)
     6. Washington DARWIN,   b. 10 Jul 1807
     7. Mary Ann DARWIN,   b. 27 Jul 1808,   d. 1872  (Age 63 years)
     8. Rachel H. DARWIN,   b. 18 Oct 1810,   d. 04 Oct 1815  (Age 4 years)
    +9. George Cowan DARWIN, Jr.,   b. 27 Nov 1812, Jackson County, TN Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 Jul 1876, Jackson County, TN Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 63 years)
    +10. Sally Harrington DARWIN,   b. 27 Oct 1814, Jackson County, TN Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Jan 1876, Shannon County, MO Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 61 years)
     11. Rache DARWIN,   b. 19 Oct 1816, Jackson County, TN Find all individuals with events at this location
    +12. Elizabeth C. DARWIN,   b. 08 Oct 1818, Jackson County, TN Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Jul 1858, Shannon County, MO Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 39 years)
    +13. Delilah Jane DARWIN,   b. 01 Oct 1820, Jackson County, TN Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 1870, MO Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 49 years)
    Last Modified 26 May 2009 
    Family ID F0103  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 18 Oct 1771 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - George C. Darwin (age 19) presumed in household of father, James Darwin - 1790 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCourt & Legal - George C. Darwin (age 19) witness to land purchase by John Smith from Joshua Denton - 21 May 1791 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsSlave Transaction - George C. Darwin (age 23) witness to purchase of "Daniel" by John Darwin - 19 Jan 1795 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - "George C. Derwin" (age 29) - 1800 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsLand Purchase - George C. Darwin (age 30) purchases 100 acres from his father, James Darwin. - 13 Sep 1802 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsPersonal Event - George C. Darwin (age 32) baptised at El Bethel Baptist Church, Union County SC - 22 Oct 1803 - El Bethel Baptist Church, Union County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsLand Sale - George C. Darwin (age 34) sells tract of land to Daniel Smith - 15 Feb 1806 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsPersonal Event - George C. Darwin (age 34) excommunicated - May 1806 - El Bethel Baptist Church, Union County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCourt & Legal - George C. Darwin (age 34) witness to land purchase by Joseph Leech from James Currier - 13 Sep 1806 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - "G.C. Darwin" (age 49) - 1820 - Jackson County, TN Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCourt & Legal - George C. Darwin (age 53) testifies in Castle v. McCarver lawsuit - Mar 1825 - Jackson County, TN Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - "Geo. C. Darwin" (age 59) - 1830 - Jackson County, TN Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCourt & Legal - George C. Darwin (age 61) witnesses War Pension application of Ralph Rodgers - 14 May 1833 - Jackson County, TN Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - "G.C. Darwin, Sen." (age 69) - 1840 - Jackson County, TN Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 30 Jul 1853 - Jackson County, TN Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Photos
    Signature of George C Darwin
    Signature of George C Darwin
    From the 1833 Pension Application of Ralph Rodgers

  • Sources 
    1. [S18] BIB: 1844: George Cowan Darwin Bible, MS.AC 67-85.
      "G.C.Darwin Sr. was born Oct. the 18th 1771"

    2. [S19] BIB: 1870: Darwin/Nettles "Bible", MS. AC 67-85.
      "G. C. Darwin born Oct 18, 1771"

    3. [S37] CEN: 1790 SC York.

    4. [S99] LOC: SC-YO: 1791 Denton /Smith Land Deed, York County, South Carolina, Deed Book C, page 402.
      George Cowan Darwin witness to the sale by Joshua Denton to John Smith of 30 acres.

    5. [S119] LOC: SC-YO: 1795 Smith/Darwin Deed (Daniel), York County Deed Book C, page 472.

      For the sum of 61, John Darwin purchased from a Charles Smith "a negro boy, Daniel;" a John Mitchell and John Darwin's nephew George Cowan Darwin were witnesses named in the Deed.

    6. [S38] CEN: 1800 SC York.

    7. [S31] LOC: SC-YO: 1802 Darwin/Darwin Land Deed, York County SC Deed Book F, p. 123 (13 September 1802).
      James Darwin sells for $10 to his son George Cowan Darwin 100 acres "where George Darwin now lives." Witnesses: Joshua Bridges, and James' brother John Darwin.

    8. [S68] FAM: SC-UN: 1803 El Bethel Baptist Church Record (Oct), Records of the El Bethel Baptist Church (Cherokee County SC), 1803-1885 , (Film LDS # 9845591).

      "October 1803, 4th Saturday: Received by experience Brother George Darwin. On Sunday baptised him."

    9. [S128] LOC: SC-YO: 1806 Darwin/Smith Deed, York County SC Deed Book G, p. 143.

      Sale by George Cowan Darwin "and Delilah his wife" of a tract on the Broad River to Daniel Smith. Witnesses: John L. Henderson, John Darwin.

    10. [S293] FAM: SC-UN: 1806 El Bethel Baptist Church Record (May) , Records of the El Bethel Baptist Church (Cherokee County SC), 1803-1885, (Film LDS # 9845591).
      May 1806 Monthly Meeting: Brother George Darwin excommunicated.

    11. [S129] LOC: SC-YO: 1806 Currier/Leech Land Deed, York County SC Deed Book G, p. 162.
      Sale by James Currier of 100 acres for $175 to Joseph Leech. Witnesses: George Cowan Darwin and John M. Darwin.

    12. [S81] CEN: 1820 TN Jackson.

    13. [S47] LOC: TN-JA: 1825 Castle v. McCarver Lawsuit (Appeal) , Jackson County, TN: Court Records.

      "Geo C. Darwin deposed that the cow died in January and he had her skinned & took care of calf, persuaded Mrs. Castle to take pay for it as she wd get nothing else, as he thought having lost all by her own carelessness or foolishness and he would persuade Deft. to present her with something $5 or 6 She took $4 for skin and calf at his request he was brother in law to Deft. He skinned her without request of either parties and both refused to take receive pay till he persuaded Mrs. Castle as above which was about 2 months after death of cow."

    14. [S105] CEN: 1830 TN Jackson.

    15. [S200] MIL-REV: 1833 Ralph Rodgers Pension Application, NARA, Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files, Roll M804, Case File S.4788.
      "We Jonas Griffith a clergyman residing in Jackson County Tennessee & George C. Darwin of sd. County hereby certify that we are well acquainted with Ralph Rodgers who has subscribed & sworn to the above Declaration; that we believe him to be Seventy three years of age, that he is reputed & believed in the neighbourhood where he resides to have been a Soldier of the Revolution, that we concur in that Opinion"
      Rodgers' application mentions George C. Darwin's uncle, John Darwin; the local JP, John McCarver, was the husband of Margaret Darwin (sister of George C. Darwin)

    16. [S115] CEN: 1840 TN Jackson.

    17. [S18] BIB: 1844: George Cowan Darwin Bible, MS.AC 67-85.
      "G.C.Darwin Died July the 30th 1853"

    18. [S19] BIB: 1870: Darwin/Nettles "Bible", MS. AC 67-85.
      "G. C. Darwin died July 29, 1853"

    19. [S235] COR: 1949 Hart - Rogers Correspondence.