4.177 Elsey Sandlin DARWIN

Male 1842 - 1903  (60 years)


Personal Information    |    Sources    |    Event Map    |    All    |    PDF

  • Name Elsey Sandlin DARWIN 
    Title 4.177 
    Born 05 Mar 1842  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Census 1850  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Elsey S. Darwin (age 8) in household of father, John B. Darwin 
    Slave Transaction 23 Oct 1852  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    "Calhoun" bequeathed to Elsey S. Darwin in Will of John B. Darwin 
    Will 23 Oct 1852  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Elsey S. Darwin (age 10) named beneficiary in father's Will 
    Court & Legal Jan 1856  Union County, South Carolina, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [4
    Elsey S. Darwin (age 13) named as 'heir in law' to estate of deceased brother, Elnathan D. Darwin  
    Census 1860  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [5
    Elsey S. Darwin (age 18) in household of widowed mother, Gilly (Sandlin) Darwin. 
    Civil War: CSA Enlistment 1861 
    SC: 12th South Carolina Volunteers; Pvt. (Co. B) 
    Military Service 3 Mar 1864  Point Lookout, St. Marys County, MD Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Paroled PoW 
    Census 1900  Spartanburg County, South Carolina, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [6
    Elsey S. Darwin (age 58), HoH 
    Died 1903  Spartanburg County, South Carolina, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Old Bethel Baptist Cemetery, Woodruff, Spartanburg County, South Carolina, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • Commentary: DWD 4.177

      By January 1862 the Civil War had been raging for nine months, when Elsey S. Darwin, almost 20 years old, enlisted in the same unit as his two brothers, Robert and Martin, Co. B (Miller's), 12th Regt South Carolina Volunteers CSA, part of Gregg's Brigade, and would share in their exploits up to the time his brother, Martin, sustained injuries at the Second Battle of Manassas.

      It is believed that Elsey accompanied Martin back to York County and would be listed AWOL until he was restored to active duty by court martial in March 1863. After the Battle of Gettysburg in July 1863, Gregg's Brigade was part of the rearguard protecting the army's withdrawal across the River Potomac at Falling Waters, where Elsey was captured on 14 July 1863. He would remain a prisoner of war until March 1864, when he was paroled in an exchange of prisoners and would eventually rejoin his unit to serve out the war. Elsey Darwin married Sarah Ann Pilgrim 2 June 1868 and they settled in Spartanburg Co., SC, where they are shown living in the vicinity of Woodruff on the 1900 SC census.
    • References:

      OD
      IGI (Mg. & birth records)
      SC Census Records

    • Sources pending:

      CSA: Company B, 12th South Carolina Volunteers

      Summary of Surviving Muster and Payrolls:


      Year Date
      1862 7 Jan 1862 Enlisted
      1862 Jan/Feb Muster: present
      1862 29 Sept 1862 POW and Paroled Warrenton
      1862 Oct Return: Deserted 30 Aug 1862
      1862 Nov/Dec Muster: Absent (AWOL, then sick since 30 Aug 1862)
      1863 Jan/Feb Muster: Deserter
      1863 Mar/Apr Muster: Restored to duty by Court Martial
      1863 April Return: Sick at Yorkville SC
      1863 12 Aug 1863 (Missing since Falling Waters)
      1863 14 Jul 1863 Captured at Falling Waters MD
      1863 23 Jul 1863 POW at Old Capitol Prison DC
      1863 Jul/Aug (Missing since Falling Waters)
      1863 3 Aug 1863 POW at Old Capitol Prison DC
      1863 8 Aug 1863 POW sent to Point Lookout MD
      1863 Sept/OCt (Missing since Falling Waters)
      1863 Nov/Dec (Missing since Falling Waters)
      1864 Jan/Feb Muster: absent, captured FW 14 July
      1864 Mar/Apr Muster: absent, paroled prisoner
      1864 3 Mar 1864 Paroled at Point Lookout MD
      1864 Apr/Aug Muster: present (due bounty $50)
      1864 Sept/Oct Muster: present (due bounty $50)
      1864 Nov/Dec Muster: present (due bounty $50)
      1865 9 April 1865 Paroled at Appomattox



      * 14 July 1863: Captured at battle of Falling Waters, Maryland.
      * 9 August 1863: Arrived Washington, Old Capitol Prison. Subsequently transferred to Point Lookout POW Camp, Maryland
      * 3 March 1864: Exchanged, and returns to the 12th SCV
      * 9 April 1865: Surrenders at Appomattox

    Person ID I2739  DARUSA | Descendants of William Darwin
    Last Modified 19 Mar 2013 

    Father John Bland DARWIN,   b. 12 Dec 1791, York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 05 Feb 1854, York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 62 years) 
    Mother Gilly SANDLIN,   b. 15 Feb 1801, York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Aug 1870, York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 69 years) 
    Married 15 Nov 1819  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [7, 8
    Family ID F0111  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Sarah Ann PILGRIM,   b. Sep 1849, SC Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 Jul 1929, Spartanburg County, South Carolina, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 79 years) 
    Married 02 Jun 1868  Spartanburg County, South Carolina, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. James Samuel DARWIN,   b. 1870, Spartanburg County, South Carolina, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1910, Spartanburg County, South Carolina, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 40 years)
     2. Flora Belle DARWIN,   b. 18 Mar 1876, Spartanburg County, South Carolina, USA Find all individuals with events at this location
     3. Rosa DARWIN,   b. 1878, Spartanburg County, South Carolina, USA Find all individuals with events at this location
     4. Leila R. DARWIN,   b. Dec 1879, Spartanburg County, South Carolina, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1932, Spartanburg County, South Carolina, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 52 years)
    +5. Edna Isabella DARWIN,   b. Aug 1882, Spartanburg County, South Carolina, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Mar 1953, Spartanburg County, South Carolina, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 70 years)
    Last Modified 13 May 2009 
    Family ID F0128  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 05 Mar 1842 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - Elsey S. Darwin (age 8) in household of father, John B. Darwin - 1850 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsSlave Transaction - "Calhoun" bequeathed to Elsey S. Darwin in Will of John B. Darwin - 23 Oct 1852 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsWill - Elsey S. Darwin (age 10) named beneficiary in father's Will - 23 Oct 1852 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCourt & Legal - Elsey S. Darwin (age 13) named as 'heir in law' to estate of deceased brother, Elnathan D. Darwin - Jan 1856 - Union County, South Carolina, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - Elsey S. Darwin (age 18) in household of widowed mother, Gilly (Sandlin) Darwin. - 1860 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMilitary Service - Paroled PoW - 3 Mar 1864 - Point Lookout, St. Marys County, MD Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 02 Jun 1868 - Spartanburg County, South Carolina, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - Elsey S. Darwin (age 58), HoH - 1900 - Spartanburg County, South Carolina, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 1903 - Spartanburg County, South Carolina, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Old Bethel Baptist Cemetery, Woodruff, Spartanburg County, South Carolina, USA Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Sources 
    1. [S259] CEN: 1850 SC York.
      "Elzeay S. Darwin, 8, M, b. York SC"

    2. [S53] WIL: SC-YO: 1852 Will of John Bland Darwin, York County Will Book 3, Case 22/File 935: 23 Oct 1852.

      "I also give to my Son Elsey S. my negroe boy named Calhoun about Five years old if not disposed of in my time then Said boy to be appraised by my Executors and that amount taken out of his share of my Estate the Said negroe boy to be his and his children forever. "

      Calhoun appraised for $400 at Estate Inventory of 10 July 1854

    3. [S53] WIL: SC-YO: 1852 Will of John Bland Darwin, York County Will Book 3, Case 22/File 935: 23 Oct 1852.

      "I also give to my four Sons Marten V. and Presley P. and Elsey S. and James M. Darwin all my tract of land that is the home tract and also the Childers tract lying on Wolfs creek to be appraised and divided So that each one Shall Share and share alike, my Son James M. to have the lot about the dwelling, the Said lands to be theirs and their children forever"

    4. [S109] LOC: SC-UN: 1856 Petition for Sale of Real Estate of Elnathan Darwin, Deceased, Union County Court of Ordinary (reference pending).

    5. [S271] CEN: 1860 SC York.

    6. [S348] CEN: 1900 SC Spartanburg.

    7. [S1] BIB: 1837: Darwin/Bland "Bible", Quarto Page M.
      "John Darwin Jnr and Gilley Sandlin Was Maried Nov 15th 1819"

    8. [S20] BIB: 1880: Mary Darwin Hope Bible.
      "John Darwin and Gilly Sandlin, 11-15-1819"