MIL-REV: 1834 John Darwin Pension Application



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  • Title MIL-REV: 1834 John Darwin Pension Application 
    Short Title MIL-REV: 1834 John Darwin Pension Application 
    Author NARA, Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files 
    Call Number Roll M804, Case File S.21155 
    Repository NARA: National Archives and Records Administration (USA) 
    Source ID S41 
    Text

    Page 1


    STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA
    YORK DISTRICT ::: To Wit


    On the _ October 1834 personally
    appeared in open court before
    B. Earle, one of the Judges of the court
    of Common Pleas now sitting, John Darwin
    a resident of York District and State of
    South Carolina aged seventy-nine last March
    who being duly sworn according to law
    makes the following declaration in order to
    obtain the benefit of the Act of Congress
    passed the 7th June 1832.


    I entered the service of the United States as
    a private in the County of Louisa, State of Virginia
    on the second day of February 1776 under the
    enlistment for two years in Captain Thomas Johnston's
    company in the Third Virginia Regiment
    commanded by Col. Mercer. I marched in said
    Company to Fredericksburgh, where I joined said
    Regiment. In a short time, I marched with the
    Regiment to Alexandria, about the time Colonel
    Mercer was promoted and when Col. Weadon
    took command of the Regiment and Captain
    Powel took command of the Company in the
    place of Captain Johnston. I then marched
    with the regiment by way of Williamsburgh to
    the mouth of the Potomac River against Governor
    Dunmore. We then returned from Williamsburgh and
    while at a place called the Northern Neck
    between the Rappahanock and the Potomac we
    first heard of the Declaration of Indepedence,
    which was inthusiastically celebrated by the
    Regiment. With forced marches we then
    moved by way of Alexandria for the city of
    New York. About this time Col. Weadon was
    promoted to Brigadier General and Col. Marshall
    took command of our Regiment. We
    reached the city of New York on the night
    of the 15th of September 1776. On the following morning
    we marched up between the East & North Rivers and


    Page 2


    found General Washington near fort Washington
    where he had entrenched himself on the North
    River. It was at this place I was engaged in a skirmish
    which took place between a party of British sent
    from the City of New York to reconnoiter Washington's force,
    in which I received a musket ball in my right arm
    which has made me a cripple for life. While I was
    confined with this wound, and before I had
    recovered, I was attacked with a spell of the feaver
    and while thus confined at the last mentioned place
    the British fleet passed up the North River, and Washing-
    ton marched for the White Plains. I with the rest of
    the disabled & sick were carried to the Jersey side
    of the North River, & thence to Philadelpia. I then
    took the Small Pox and was confined there about
    three months before I recovered. I next joined
    Washington's Army at Morristown in the Jerseys,
    where the Army remained but a short time after
    I joined it untill we were marched to
    Middlebrook near Brunswick where the British
    had their head quarters. When the British left the
    last mentioned place we took up the line of march
    for Trenton & Philadelphia and I continued
    with the army and bore an active part, as a
    private, in the Battle of Brandywine. After this
    battle I with the army retreated to White Marsh
    Church--I still continued with the army &
    fought in the Battle of Germantown. After
    this battle we were marched to Valey Forge
    where I remained in winter quarters untill
    I got my discharge from Col. Woodward,
    which was on the 3rd day of February 1778.

    This Discharge I have lost years ago; and the only
    documentary evidence of my service is the
    affidavit of David Bullock, herewith transmitted.
    He is the only person now living, that I know of,
    who knows of my services. He lives in the State
    of Virginia and County of Louisa. I was born
    in Louisa County, State of Virginia on the
    19th March 1755 where I enlisted. I left Louisa
    County on 12th October 1778 for York District in
    South Carolina & arrived there 26th of November
    1778. I remained at home in York District from
    this time untill about the year 1780. When I again


    Page 3


    entered into my country's service as a milita
    man and a private under a draft for the
    Citizens of my District and was placed under
    the Command of Col. Bratton, my Captain's
    name I have forgot, my first Lieutenant's name
    was Humphrey Barnett. From York District
    we marched against Friday's Fort, now called
    Granby which is on Congaree River in So Carolina.
    We laid seige to the Fort but was unable to take it
    untill we were joined by Capt. Lee's light horse & then
    the Fort was surrendered. We then marched towards
    Ninety-Six now called Cambridge for the purpose of
    joining General Green, & we met him either in
    Newberry or Union District. After meeting & remaining
    a short time with the General I returned for home in
    York District having been out about three months.
    Shortly after I returned home I was again called out
    under the Command of Colonel Morphet & marched
    to Orangeburgh District. We crossed at Granby
    aiming to attack a fort at Orangeburgh but did
    not do it. We then reconnoitered about the country
    for about six weeks in order to keep the Tories in
    subjection. I again returned home being out about
    two months. I now remainded at home a few weeks,
    in which time I made up a Company and took
    the command of it as Captain & marched them
    and joined Colonel Lacy (but I never got my
    Commission as Captain) and acting as Captain
    of my company I marched under Col Lacy to
    the Salt Catches in South Carolina. After marching
    through this section of Country for about two
    months without any engagements I returned home
    in York District being out about three months.
    The next tour of duty was under a Draft which
    I stood in York District, for the term of three
    months, and I was under the command of Col Lacy
    and was in an engagement near Brattons, on Turkey
    Creek in York District. The rest of my time was spent
    in marching about in the upper part of So Carolina.
    After this tour I remained at home some two or three months
    and I again joined Col. Lacy & marched to
    Bengham's Church near Charleston in South Carolina.


    Page 4


    We had a skirmish near a bridge on Cooper River.
    After the skirmish we crossed Santee at Nelson's Ferry.
    We remained in this section some time & I took
    sick with the fever & ague & returned to York
    District & left the army. This was as well as I can
    recollect about the year 1783. The dates of my
    service in South Carolina are put down entirely
    from recollection and are not so well remembered
    as those of my enlistment of which I had a
    memorandum & lost it only a few years ago.
    I have lived in York District where I now live
    since the Revolutionary War.
    If my services entitled me to a pension under
    the act of congress 1818, I herewith State that
    I never knew of said Act nor of its
    Provisions--if I had I certainly would
    have applied for it, for I am confident that my
    service & sufferings entitle me to a Pension
    if there is any man now living is entitled
    to one; I am a farmer & live in obscurity
    and not intermingling with the world are the
    Reasons which prevented me from Knowing of
    the Act of Congress 1818, for untill the infor-
    mation now received from the War Depart-
    ment I never heard of said Act.
    I do hereby relinquish any claim whatever to any pension or
    annuity except the present and declare that my name is
    not on the Pension Roll of the agency of any State.

    Sworn to & subscribed this
    22nd October 1834 in open court

    John Darwin

    A. McWhorter/Clerk


    Appendices to the Application


    We, S.I. Feemster, a clergyman residing in York District in the
    State of South Carolina, and Gordon Moore a resident of
    the same State & District, do hereby certify that we are well
    acquainted with John Darwin who has subscribed & sworn to the
    above declaration, that we believe him to be seventy-nine years
    of age. That he is reported & believed in the neighborhood where
    he resides to have been a soldier of the revolution & that we
    concur in that opinion. Sworn to & subscribed this day
    and year aforesaid in open court

    S.I.Feemster
    A.M.McWhorter, Clerk
    Gordon Moore

    And the said Court do hereby declare their opinion, after investigations of the matter & after
    putting the iterrogatories prescribed by the War Department, that the above mentioned
    applicant was a revolutionary soldier & served as he states. And the Court
    further Certifies that it appears to them that S.I.Feemster--who has signed the
    preceeding certificate is a clergyman, residing in the district of York
    in the State of South Carolina and that Gordon Moore who has
    also signed the same, is a resident of York District in the State of
    South Carolina, & is a credible person & that their statement is
    entitled to credit.

    B.J.Earle, Pres'dg Judge

     
    Linked to John DARWIN 

  • Military Records: American Revolution
    John Darwin 1834 Pension Application - Page 1 of 4
    John Darwin 1834 Pension Application - Page 1 of 4
    John Darwin 1834 Pension Application - Page 1 of 4
    [NARA, Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files, Roll M804, Case File S.21155]
    John Darwin 1834 Pension Application - Page 2 of 4
    John Darwin 1834 Pension Application - Page 2 of 4
    John Darwin 1834 Pension Application - Page 2 of 4
    [NARA, Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files, Roll M804, Case File S.21155]
    John Darwin 1834 Pension Application - Page 3 of 4
    John Darwin 1834 Pension Application - Page 3 of 4
    John Darwin 1834 Pension Application - Page 3 of 4
    [NARA, Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files, Roll M804, Case File S.21155]
    John Darwin 1834 Pension Application - Page 4 of 4 (includes signature)
    John Darwin 1834 Pension Application - Page 4 of 4 (includes signature)
    John Darwin 1834 Pension Application - Page 4 of 4
    [NARA, Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files, Roll M804, Case File S.21155]